Cosmetics, a term sometimes applied to include makeup artistry, is the specialization in the science of cosmetics which uses active ingredients for the purpose of beautification. Cosmetics include cosmetics derived from a combination of synthetic organic chemicals and/or natural substances. The term was first used by Louis Pasteur, a French Physician and Chemist, who made great contributions towards the field of medicine, apart from inventing the word pharma-colognese. Cosmetics is one of the largest industries in India with several brands dealing in a wide range of cosmetics including cosmetics made in India. With increasing demand for cosmetics in the market, several companies are venturing into this business.
Cosmetics affect the outer appearance of individuals and improve their physical health by providing nourishment, cleansing and protecting the skin. It may consist of substances such as moisturizers, astringents, sunscreens and sunscreen. Cosmetics include ingredients such as pigments, preservatives, binders, fragrance, binders, surfactants, antibiotics, antibacterials, colorants, preservatives, tints and UV light blockers. Cosmetics have therapeutic effects on the skin and act as a protection from the damage caused by ultraviolet radiation here.
Cosmetics include various kinds of cosmetics such as soaps, cleansers, toners, eye shadow, eyeliners, lipsticks, mascara and eyelashes. A variety of cosmetics are used to whiten teeth, fade freckles, brighten eyes, add shine to hair and to remove scars, bruises and age spots. Cosmetics should be chosen for application according to individual skin type. Sunscreen should be applied immediately after removing sun glasses and left on for some time to ensure no damage occurred. Cosmetics should be properly removed from the skin when finished. For hand-scraped and blended bristles of brushes, soft, damp brushes should be used, as they are soft on the skin and eliminates irritation.
Preservatives are used in cosmetics to lengthen the shelf life of the product and protect it from contamination by microorganisms, fungi, viruses and chemicals. Commonly included in cosmetics are parabens, phthalates, triclosan, sodium lauryl sulphate, fragrances, alcohols and amines. Some of these ingredients are cancer causing agents and may cause allergic reactions; others are considered hazardous because they can disrupt the endocrine system or work against the body’s antioxidant system. Cosmetics include also preservatives in the form of vitamin E and bitter orange.
The other major constituents of cosmetics in Australia are mineral oils, dyes, fragrances, paraffin waxes, dioxane, parabens and preservatives. Other chemicals that may be present in cosmetics in Australia are artificial fragrance, colouring agents, preservatives, fragrances, tars and sulphates. It is not mandatory for manufacturers to list the chemicals used in their products; this can vary between countries and manufacturers are required to comply with the applicable legislation in each state where they produce the cosmetics. It is advisable to read the labeling on cosmetics to avoid allergy problems and adverse reactions.
Cosmetic production may use mineral oil, petrolatum, waxes, liquid binders, emulsifiers, pH balancers, binders and calcium carbonate. Mineral oils are often used because they are economical and light weight. They replace the sebum produced in the sebaceous glands of the skin and they are greasy, thick and sticky. Synthetic waxes and calcium carbonate are used as moisturizers, emulsifiers, lubricants and in some cosmetics formulations, sunscreens. The presence of mica in cosmetics has been recently identified as an effective sunscreen ingredient that prevents the formation of sun-breast cancer.